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Globalization of migration to Sweden: The Labour Migration from India and China 2008-2014

Sweden introduced a new immigration policy in 2008 – the most comprehensive immigration reform in 40 years. The new immigration policy encourages labor immigration from countries outside EU. The new immigration policy has promoted a globalization of migration to Sweden. The globalization of migration refers to the fact that the number of sending countries has increased, and that migrants originate in a larger number of source countries than previously. The migrants originate in countries at larger geographical distance from Sweden. In earlier periods of labour immigration, the main share of migrants originated in European states, but this pattern changed after the immigration policy reform. Since 2008 the largest numbers of migrants instead comes from Thailand, India, and China. This research project will examine the migration from India and China to Sweden.

The increased migration from India and China is a new migration pattern. Sweden received only a small number of migrants from these countries before 2008. There are furthermore no historical ties to India and China that can explain the migration, for instance former colonial ties. The aim of this research project is to explain how the new migration pattern has been initiated and established.

We will use a combination of methods in this project. The collection of data will go through three steps. In the first step we will analyse the documentary sources that is produced by Swedish authorities about labour migration. In the second step, we will do case studies of employers that have hired a large number of migrants from India and China. In the third step, we will do qualitative interviews with migrants from India and China.

For more information, please contact project leader Denis Frank

Projekt member: Chialing Yang

Page Manager: Anders Östebo|Last update: 1/4/2017

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